American Club's Moore sees two indicators of ISPS effectiveness
Two statistics should show whether ISPS--the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code--is actually working.
Dr William Moore believes the success or failure of the ISPS Code can be measured by two key indicators--the incidence of stowaways and piracy/armed robbery,.
"The proof is in the pudding and statistics should show how well the code is working," says Dr William Moore, who is vice president of loss prevention and technical services for Shipowners Claims Bureau Inc., manager of the American Club
"If the code is being implemented successfully, we should see a reduction in claims for such acts," says Dr. Moore
Dr Moore has also expressed his concern that "if seafarers are not able to prevent pirates, armed robbers or stowaways from boarding their ship, it will be virtually impossible to deter well-armed and motivated terrorists from doing the same."
The American Club believes it will be interesting for members of the International Group of P&I Clubs to determine if there is a measurable reduction in the frequency of stowaway claims.
Further study could also indicate which ports and terminals may not have sufficient security in place to prevent stowaways from entering their facilities--and thus may not be complying with the ISPS Code.
In addition, regular reports from the IMO's maritime safety committee and the International Maritime Bureau provide statistics on the incidence of piracy and armed robbery.
The club has been paying close attention to members' concerns about problems with port and flag states. Inconsistency in Port State Control procedures for security and the slow response of some flag states in providing required certificates and documentation have been the primary problems noted in the six weeks since the code took effect on July 1.
So far, the club has received few ISPS-related claims.
Like other P&I clubs, in the months prior to July 1 the American Club focused members' attention on P&I and FD&D cover where it is relative to compliance with ISPS. As part of its loss prevention initiatives, the club has issued four circulars about compliance with U.S .and international maritime security requirements, in addition to providing information in its regular IMO updates which are available on its website www.american-club.com
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